CDC Declares Sleep Disorders a Public Health Epidemic

If you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, or if you find yourself nodding off during the day, you’re not alone.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), sleep disorders are so pervasive in the United States that they now constitute a public health epidemic.  Research conducted by the CDC indicates that large numbers of Americans experience problems associated with lack of sufficient sleep.  For example:

  • 23.2% of survey respondents (almost 50 million people) reported problems concentrating during the day
  • 11.3% (24 million) indicated lack of sleep interfered with driving
  • 8.6% (18 million) reported that sleep deficiency interfered with job performance.

A Dangerous Diagnosis

CDC’s raising of sleep disorders to epidemic status reflects growing concerns regarding the dangers associated with insufficient sleep.  Increasingly, sleep disorders such as insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea are placing those who suffer from these conditions and the public at large at greater risk of car crashes, medical mistakes and industrial accidents.  In addition, sleep disorders represent an increasing risk to public health, contributing to a host of medical conditions, including cancer, obesity, diabetes, depression and hypertension.

Two Important Studies

In collaboration with the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research, the CDC has conducted two important studies aimed at quantifying the nature and extensiveness of sleep disorders in the United States.  The first, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), examined the problem along socio-demographic dimensions.  Findings included:

  • Those age 65 and older were most likely to report unintentionally falling asleep during the day (44.6%), and Black Americans (52.4%) were more likely to experience this problem than either Hispanics (41.9%) or Whites (33.4%)
  • Those age 25 to 34 were more likely to fall asleep while driving (7.2%) than those age 65 or older (2.0%), and men were more likely to experience this problem (5.8%) than women (3.5%)

The second study, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), looked at the prevalence of “short sleep duration” along racial and age dimensions, finding that:

  • Those age 40 to 59 were most likely to have short sleep duration (40.3%) as compared with those age 60 or older (32.0%)
  • Black Americans were more likely to experience this problem (53.0%) as compared with Whites (34.5%) and other races (41.7%)

How Much Sleep You Need is A Function of Age

Concepts such as “short sleep duration” beg the question of how much sleep is enough.  According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), you need different amounts of sleep as you age.  Children of school age, for example, require no less than 10 hours of sleep per day.  This drops to 9 hours of sleep during the teen years, and to 7 to 8 hours among adults.  That said, some 30% of all Americans reported getting 6 or less hours of sleep per day.

These and similar studies are important because they reinforce the notion that sleep disorders represent a significant threat to individual health and public safety.  To learn more about sleep disorders—including both diagnosis and treatment—contact us today.

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Comments

  1. Isabelle Obie Papadimitriou Reply

    I am so glad to see this article to educate our sleep deprived population. I am a Respiratory Therapist and see so many people now on CPAP/BIPAP units. I enjoyed reading this information.

  2. Daniel Joyce Reply

    It’s too bad that since the era of environmental impact statements that lighting is not included. Greater scrutiny no doubt would have been the result and awareness of the problem therefore more widespread. Too bad also that in the frenzy of the development of blue rich LEDS that no one thought to question their problem.

    • Gabriel Reply

      I agree with you 100%. The towns next to mine all quietly replaced the orange street lights with cool white LEDs a few years back. Anywhere else, there’d be so many complaints that the town council would take appropriate action. But not here, where the majority of people are gleefully ignorant. I’m still hoping they replace the blue-rich light with warmer LEDs that look like incandescent lights. But knowing the bureaucracy that we have, it would not surprise me if we’re stuck with the harsh, lurid, glaring light for decades to come.

  3. Victoria Young Reply

    Bright, blue-rich LED streetlights, headlights, store lights, house lights, etc. are a HUGE part of the problem. Until the world figures this out, I will do what I must to shut the lights out. Tragic, stupid and unnecessary. Don’t let them fool you with their banter about saving energy and money. It will do neither as people shutter themselves in air-conditioned homes all Summer long to keep out the light.

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