The Epworth Sleepiness Scale: What does this mean for you?

Just how sleepy are you? When asked how they are, people often have the same variety of responses. These include an often dishonest fine, tired or stressed. Many people have an undiagnosed sleep disorder or have a lifestyle that gets in the way of quality sleep. More than one-third of Americans do not get enough sleep on a regular basis. Adults need an average of seven hours a day in order to reduce their risk of developing conditions such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, depression and stroke. If you’re like many Americans, you may want to consider looking into where you belong on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale.

The Epworth Sleepiness Scale

The scale was created by Dr. Murray Johns in 1990, with the final updates made in 1997. The goal of the scale is to understand each person’s level of daytime sleepiness. The scale is simple to take, in that it is in the form of a short questionnaire. A patient can take it in a matter of minutes by ranking the likelihood of dozing off to eight different activities.

  • Reading
  • Watching TV
  • Sitting still in a public place
  • As a passenger in a car for an hour
  • Lying down to rest in the afternoon
  • Sitting and talking to someone
  • Sitting quietly after lunch
  • In a stopped car in traffic

The scale has been used and validated in many studies across the field of sleep medicine1.  It’s typically only used for adults but has also seen positive results with adolescents. However, Dr. Johns saw the need for a scale specifically catered to youth, that he created the ESS-CHAD. The items listed with the youth version are more relatable to their age group.

  • Sitting and reading
  • Sitting and watching TV or a video
  • Sitting in a classroom at school during the morning
  • Sitting and riding in a car or a bus for about half an hour
  • Lying down to rest or nap in the afternoon
  • Sitting and talking to someone
  • Sitting quietly by yourself after lunch
  • Sitting and eating a meal

Any score greater than ten on either of the scales may indicate a sleep disorder.


The test is simple and uncomplicated. For this reason, there are no negative consequences to taking the questionnaire. However, the risks of not completing it could have significant implications for one’s health. Having difficulty staying awake during the day is a significant marker of a sleep condition. The consequences of not getting enough sleep every day are dangerous.

Low Immunity

The body is able to fight off sickness because of sleep. Not getting enough puts the body in a susceptible state. A lack of sleep makes you almost 3 times as likely to develop a cold.

Increase Weight

Studies have shown that those who get less than 7 hours of sleep at night are at greater risk of being obese2.

Poor Mental Health

Sleep deprivation is sometimes used by interrogators to get answers from suspects. There’s a reason for this in that it withholds a biological human need physically and mentally. A lack of sleep increases one’s risk of developing a mental illness.

Heart Disease

Sleep issues are often linked with heart disease, regardless of their lifestyle during awake hours. Your body resets and rebuilds during sleep, so your heart can begin to feel the strain of a sleep disorder as time goes on.


Frequent sleep disruptions are a risk factor for diabetes. Specifically, those with obstructive sleep apnea often have a direct link to diabetes. This is why diabetic patients should be routinely monitored for obstructive sleep apnea.

A simple 8 item questionnaire may make a huge difference in your health and quality of life. Now that you’re aware of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, you’ll be an expert in sleep patterns and disorders. If you think you need to be tested for a sleep disorder, contact us today!

  1. Omobomi, O., & Quan, S. F. (2018). A Requiem for the Clinical Use of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 14(5), 711–712. doi:10.5664/jcsm.7086
  2. Kohatsu ND, et al. Sleep Duration and Body Mass Index in a Rural Population, Archives of Internal Medicine. 2006 Sep 18; 166(16): 1701.


  1. Vishal Kaushik Reply

    Great content I have ever seen.✌✌

  2. Vishal Kaushik Reply

    Thanks for the information.

  3. High Rated Gabru Reply

    Cool job buddy. This gives me a lot of info. thanks for share!

  4. cookie clicker Reply

    You body resets and rebuilds during sleep, and so your heart can begin to feel the strain of a sleep disorder as time goes on.

  5. Bill Reply

    Great information. Thanks for sharing these updates. Good job.

  6. Retro Bowl Reply

    Retro Bowl is an interactive arcade game app. It has many unique and amazing features. In this game you can play rugby like it’s 1987. The theme of this game is in retro style. You also have to perform the press duties and handle the fragile egos of players just like in real life. The more you play this game the more interesting you will find it. This is an addictive game, if you play this game once then you will play it again and again. It has a simple and interactive interface due to which anyone can effortlessly play this game. It also consumes very low battery power and storage. So you don’t have to worry about your phone’s battery power while playing. The reviews of this game are quite impressive as compared to other games. enyjoy~!

  7. wordle game Reply

    I find the risk of obesity is very high when sleep is not enough. Because of the late night, the possibility of appetite and the risk of obesity is high.

  8. bob the robber Reply

    I usually sleep on my back. It’s the most comfortable position I’ve ever felt.

  9. tunnel rush Reply

    Very interesting and useful information for me. I really like your posts.

  10. poppy playtime Reply

    The article has a large amount of information, Hope to receive many comments to make the article effective.

  11. oil change gilbert Reply

    Glad to check this awesome article.

  12. Euchre online Reply

    What an awesome article. I want to thank you because the useful information you provide helps us a lot. Please keep it up and I will always support you.

  13. basket random Reply

    I can see a lot of interesting information!

  14. blockpost Reply

    I sleep 8 hours a day, but I’m always in a sleepy state

  15. wordle today Reply

    I believe that inadequate sleep greatly increases the risk of obesity. The likelihood of appetite and the risk of obesity are both increased by the late hour.

  16. FLAGLE Reply

    The body can fight disease because it gets enough sleep. Not being provided with enough will cause the body to fall unconscious because the body parts are not fully restored.

  17. ISOs ROMs Reply

    I like your article, it helps me to understand more things I don’t know.

  18. Roof Restoration Rockhampton Reply

    Thank you for sharing this very important information.

  19. Dumpster Rental Cedar City, Utah Reply

    Thank you for sharing these tips!

  20. wordle unlimited Reply

    Your article is very accurate. Sleep is very important to us humans. I will follow your advice.

  21. Best LLC Registration service Reply

    This is an impressive and great read for me. I am really enjoy reading your post. You have done superb job. Thanks for nicely sharing.

  22. tunnel rush Reply

    Great sharing for everyone

  23. Drive Mad Reply

    Great article with excellent idea!Thank you for such a valuable article. I really appreciate for this great information.

Leave a Comment